Supervision – A Brief Chronology
- Late 19th century; introduced as a supportive and reflective space for social workers in USA
- 1920’s; Max Eitingon thought to be the first to make supervision a formal requirement for those in psychoanalytic training
- 1950’s; Further supervision emerged as other counselling and psychotherapy orientations evolved
- 1970’s; start to make a bid for being a more educational process than a counselling one
- Focus from the person doing the work to the work itself
- Supervision becomes centred on practice, the actual work done with a view to using that work to improve future work
- During first decade of 21st century, supervision becomes a profession in its own right with supervisors trained in coaching, individual and group supervision and organisational consultancy
- In 2000 Hawkins & Shohet publish the seminal ‘Supervision in the Helping Professions, An Individual, Group and Organizational Approach (Supervision in Context)’
- Supervision becomes embedded in good practice for coaches and is a professional requirement of most of the accrediting coaching professional bodies
- Supervision or super-vision is increasingly being recognised as a distinctive enough discipline to be a relationship of great value to the much wider audience of organisational professionals and practitioners operating in all contexts of people development e.g. leadership supervision.
Patti Stevens, May 2020
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